Bahrain is transforming its national healthcare system
Bangladesh has received much praise for its efforts to boost healthcare reform.
Under the country’s National Social Protection Policy Framework 2016-2025, Cambodian policymakers identified increasing coverage for informal populations and expanding patients’ value for money when accessing health care as two particular priorities.
China’s achievements include reaching more than 95 percent population coverage and ongoing efforts to expand their benefits package with opportunities for practitioner-to-practitioner learning.
Columbia has registered over 91.1 percent of their population into the General Social Security Health Care System. Under a progressive healthcare framework, Colombia has significantly increased access to, and quality of services.
Egypt’s new constitution has enshrined the universal right to heath for every citizen and has set the means to that vision through implementation of a universal social health insurance scheme.
During the past fifteen years, the Federal Ministry of Health has developed a framework for improving the health for all, including maternal and neonatal health. Ethiopia has made particular progress in increasing the number of health care facilities and decentralization of the health system.
In 2004, Ghana embarked on a process of developing and implementing a National Health Insurance Scheme to replace out-of-pocket fees at point of service.
In 2007, the state of Andhra Pradesh launched the Aarogyasri health insurance scheme, gradually extending coverage for catastrophic, inpatient care to the entire below-poverty-line population statewide. One year later at the national level, the Ministry of Labour and Employment launched RSBY to provide health insurance benefits to BPL populations.
Jaminan Kesehatan Masyarakat, or Jamkesmas, a MoH-run mandatory public health “insurance” program covers over 76.4 million poor Indonesians.
Japan achieved universal health coverage in 1961, and the country’s investment in health has laid the foundation for sustained economic development, social stability, and the creation of a healthy middle class, which are key ingredients for sustained economic growth.
The National Hospital Insurance Fund is the primary provider of health insurance in Kenya with a mandate to enable all Kenyans to access quality and affordable health services.
Kosovo passed a Health Insurance Law in April 2014, meant to establish and regulate public health insurance.
To achieve universal health coverage by 2025, Lao PDR’s government has committed to integrating all insurance schemes into a single payer system under the National Health Insurance Bureau, boosting domestic financing and innovating impactful service delivery practices.
Lebanon has invested a significant effort into health system reforms and development over the past two decades, resulting in increased financial sustainability for the health system, large gains in population coverage, and improved quality of health care services.
In the wake of the Ebola outbreak in 2014, Liberia is working to strengthen their health system to improve access to needed health services.
Malaysia’s health policy is intertwined with the goals for national development, rural development, and socio-economic equity between ethnic groups.
Mali’s health system is largely centered on Mutuelles – non-profit groups that largely rely on dues from their members. Participation in Mutuelles is largely voluntary and organized at the community level.
Seguro Popular, a public insurance scheme offering access to a comprehensive package of services, is the most important component of Mexico’s Systems of Social Protection in Health.
Moldova introduced of a system of mandatory health insurance in 2004, characterized by the introduction of a new payroll tax for health, and the creation of a single national pool of funds managed by the National Health Insurance Company.
The Ministry of Population Development and Social Protection leads the process to develop the basic methodologies and mechanisms for implementing the policy to achieve universal health coverage in Mongolia.
The Ministry of Health is responsible for the development and implementation of government policy on population health. In particular, the Ministry of Health ensures equitable access to health care services.
Myanmar’s National Health Plan, 2017-2021 aims to ensure access to a basic essential package of health services by 2020-21 and to tackle the financial hardship associated with out-of-pocket health costs through substantial investments by the public sector.
The Universal Health Coverage Advisory Committee (UHCAN) of Namibia serves as lead institutions responsible for implementing UHC in Namibia. UHCAN is a multi-stakeholder body made up of government, private sector, donors, academic institutions and multilateral agencies with the aim of investigating the best possible ways Namibia can achieve UHC.
Nigeria adopted the Bamako Initiative to improve service equity, quality, and community participation through decentralization.
The Philippine Health Corporation launched in 1995 with the aim of placing a renewed emphasis on achieving universal coverage.
Senegal developed a UHC plan for 2013-2017, which focuses on scaling up mutuelles for the informal and rural populations, and reforming the formal sector scheme.
Through consistent political will, South Africa has made steady progress toward health for all
South Korea achieved universal health coverage in 1989.
The National Health Sector Strategic Plan (2012-16) aims to achieve UHC, and one of the means by which it hopes to do that is by launching a primary health care expansion program.
Ukraine aims to provide all residents access to medical services free of charge at the point of service delivery, along with reduced out-of-pocket expenditures on health and improved financial protection.
Vietnam introduced various health financing reforms, culminating in the introduction of the Health Care Fund for the Poor in 2003.
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