Bangladesh

Membership: Associate Member Total Population: 158.5 million GDP: $150 billion Year Launched : 2012 Language: Bengali

Achieving health for all

In recent years, Bangladesh has received much praise for its efforts to boost healthcare reform. Through effective governance, the country has been on track with its health Millennium Development Goals, while using relatively few resources. But with high out-of-pocket (OOP) payment, the country still has a long way to go. To ensure that its people have access to affordable healthcare services, Bangladesh has decided to pursue universal health coverage.

The Context

In recent years, Bangladesh has received much praise for its efforts to boost healthcare reform. Through effective governance, the country has been on track with its health Millennium Development Goals, while using relatively few resources. But with high out-of-pocket (OOP) payment, the country still has a long way to go. To ensure that its people have access to affordable healthcare services, Bangladesh has decided to pursue Universal Health Coverage.

Key Reforms

In recent years, there has been a general increase in media coverage about universal health coverage and efforts to learn from neighboring countries, which has contributed to a policy-level dialogue on universal coverage in Bangladesh. The first ever Health Care FInancing Strategy for the country was developed and approved in 2012 with a roadmap to achieve UHC by 2032, which has generated momentum to begin UHC initiatives on the ground. As a part of this new system, there will be a Health Protection Fund (HPF) that will include a contributory regime for formal sector workers, and a non-contributory health program for households below the poverty line. The Health Protection law is currently being drafted and discussed.

Impact: Cross-Country Knowledge Sharing

Bangladesh joined the Joint Learning Network for Univesal Health Coverage in early 2015 as an Associate Member.

To date:

The country has the highest EPI coverage (82 percent) amongst neighboring countries.

Progress improvement in child health over the years

Reduced fertility rate and increased contraceptive prevalence

Bangladesh has experienced mortality and increased life expectancy

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