Year Joined: 2014 Membership: Associate Member

Achieving universal health coverage.

Japan achieved universal health coverage in 1961, and the country’s investment in health has laid the foundation for sustained economic development, social stability, and the creation of a healthy middle class, which are key ingredients for sustained economic growth.

Summary of UHC Journey

Japan’s two major government-sponsored health insurance schemes include the National Health Insurance Scheme and Employees Health Insurance. The following points highlight some salient lessons from Japan’s experience:

  • Subsidies from the General Budget and fiscal transfers across programs to harmonize benefits and copayment rates across the different health insurance programs
  • Single payment system which sets prices and defines the benefits and conditions for reimbursement
  • Integration of public and private sector under single payer
  • Strong public health component

Activity as a JLN Member

​Japan joined the JLN in 2014.

Country Core Group Representatives

Maki Ozawa

KaSAPI Program for Engaging MFIs for Information Campaigns and Collection

KaSAPI partners PhilHealth with existing microfinance institutions, rural banks, cooperatives, and other organized groups to better target and efficiently enroll groups of informal sector workers into the PhilHealth national insurance program (NHIP).


National Strategy to Expand Health Coverage through Mutuelles de Santé

Mali is beginning the pilot phase of its national strategy to extend health coverage to 80% (informal sector and rural agricultural workers) of its population through mutuelles de santé, or community-based health insurance schemes (CBHI).


Mobile Phones for Communication and Resource Mobilization

Kenya's National Hospital Insurance Fund is in the final stages of recruiting dealers for a new program that uses mobile phone technology and commercial intermediaries to expand enrollment and increase revenue. All other elements of the program are ready for a July 5th launch that will commemorate NHIF&rsquo