Liberia

Membership: Associate Member Total Population: 4,623,542 GDP: $2.013 billion Year Launched: National Health Policy & National Health Plan (2007 - 20122), National Health & Social Welfare Policy & Plan (2011-2021), Investment Plan fo Language: English

Strengthening Health Financing Mechanisms to Achieve UHC

In the wake of the Ebola outbreak in 2014, Liberia is working to strengthen their health system to improve access to needed health services.

The Context

There has been marked improvements in Liberia’s health sector since the end of the Liberian Civil War in 2003. In 2007, Liberia introduced access to Basic Package of Health Services (BPHS). In 2011, the government introduced the Essential Package of Health Services (EPHS), which took the BPHS one step further by mandating that health care be free at point of use in all public health care facilities.

With the Ebola crisis in 2014, however, Liberia is continuing to grapple with major setbacks in its economic and healthcare system (displaying the highest number of reported deaths from Ebola). With out-of-pocket (OOP) payments accounting for 51% of total health expenditure in 2011, Liberia has made the decision to pursue universal health coverage through the creation of a centrally pooled financing system to be supported by contributions from individuals, the government (earmarked tax revenue) and donors for strategically purchasing health services. The pool will seek to make quality health care affordable and accessible to all regardless of their social status.

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