This report is aimed primarily at policymakers in countries that would benefit most from UHC and that are either planning (for example India and South Africa) or implementing (for example Indonesia and Ghana) UHC reforms. However, the lessons can also have relevance for countries that have already achieved high levels of coverage, as well as those that are just beginning their journey. For the former, the report may be helpful in considering actions to ensure the long-term sustainability of their system in the face of demographic and economic pressures. For the latter, it provides a guide to building a solid foundation for UHC and planning a strategy for when the economic and social prerequisites for it are in place.
Achieving universal health coverage—ensuring access to basic health services for