Regulation of Private Primary Health Care

Strong primary health care (PHC) is vital to achieving universal health care (UHC). As countries work toward UHC, they recognize that the public sector alone cannot provide all necessary comprehensive PHC services to cover country populations and that countries need to engage and effectively steward both the public and private health sectors. A critical element of health system stewardship is an effective regulatory system, which includes protections and incentives to promote access to quality care. But despite recognizing the importance of effective regulation, few low- and middle-income countries are successfully regulating private PHC. 

The JLN’s Private Sector Engagement Collaborative has been sharing experiences and knowledge and compiling practical advice to support effective stewardship of the private sector. The following resources are helping to fill gaps in evidence and providing guidance in this area. 

  • The 'Regulation of Private Primary Health Care: Lessons from Six JLN Countries' – This is a jointly produced knowledge product synthesizing lessons and promising innovations on regulation of private PHC from six JLN country-led assessments.
  • Regulation of Private Primary Health Care: Country Assessments – The six country assessments document the following subject matters:
    1. What types of regulations are in place 
    2. How regulations are implemented 
    3. What outcomes are achieved by those regulations 
    4. What resources are available for developing and implementing such regulations 

    Please find the individual country assessments below:
    1. Ghana
    2. Indonesia
    3. Kenya 
    4. Malaysia (awaiting approval)
    5. Mongolia 
    6. Morocco
  • Regulation of Private Primary Health Care: A Country Assessment Guide – This is a jointly produced and piloted assessment guide developed by the six countries listed above. The guide can be used by countries to assess country health regulatory systems, and to better understand challenges and opportunities related to regulating private PHC. (Guide is also accessible through the Download button below)

These new resources build on the JLN Private Sector Engagement Collaborative’s practical guide, Engaging the Private Sector in Primary Health Care to Achieve Universal Health Coverage: Advice from Implementers to Implementers.

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