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The global shortage of health workers—an opportunity to transform care

There is a worldwide shortage of health-care workers and the situation is worsening. WHO has forecast an 18 million shortfall by 2030, over twice the 7 million shortfall estimated in 2013.1 The alarm about insufficient staffing levels was raised a decade ago in the World Health Report 2006: Working Together for Health, which described the then global shortage as a “crisis”.2 The situation is even more critical today. What can be done?


Health workforce requirements for UHC and Sustainable Development Goals

The World Health Organization (WHO) Global Strategy on Human Resources for Health: Workforce 2030 sets out the policy agenda to ensure a workforce that is fit for purpose to attain the targets of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This background paper analyzes the quantitative implications of and requirements for its implementation.


High-Level Commission on Health Employment and Economic Growth

In support of the Commission’s work, an Expert Group, was convened to critically review the available evidence. Against a context of high and often growing inequalities and persistently high global unemployment; the Expert Group finds that effective investments in the health workforce could generate enormous improvements in health, well-being and human security, as well as decent jobs and inclusive economic growth.


Health Systems Evidence

Comprehensive, searchable, free database for health systems evidence. 


Malaysia Participates in a Study Tour to Taiwan

Study visit report from Malaysia's study visit to Taiwan


Bangladesh’s Universal Health Coverage Fact File

This short document provides general background and insight into Bangladesh's universal health coverage history, reform, and vision.


Universal Health Coverage in the Southeast Asia Region

This special issue of the WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health on universal health coverage (UHC) documents original research, as well as country experience, analysing these for broader application. Importantly, most studies have been developed in collaboration with ministries of health, in a direct effort to inform policy decision


Primary Health Care and Public Health: Foundations of Universal Health Systems

The aim of this review is to advocate for more integrated and universally accessible health systems built on a foundation of primary health care and public health. The perspective outlined identified health systems as the frame of reference, clarified terminology and examined complementary perspectives on health. It explored the prospects


UHC for Inclusive & Sustainable Development: A Synthesis of 11 Country Case Studies

Ensuring universal access to affordable, quality health services will be an important contribution to ending extreme poverty by 2030 and boosting shared prosperity in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), where most of the world's poor live. This book synthesizes the experiences from 11 countries – Bangladesh, Brazil, France, Ethiopia, Ghana, Indonesia,


The World Health Report 2000, Health Systems: Improving Performance

This report breaks new ground in the way that it helps us understand the goals of health systems. Clearly, their defining purpose is to improve and protect health – but they have other intrinsic goals. These are concerned with fairness in the way people pay for health care, and with


Social Health Insurance: A Guidebook for Planning

This guidebook is designed to be used by countries that are considering the introduction of social health insurance for health care, as a replacement for or to supplement existing funding. The first social health insurance system was established in Germany over 100 years ago. Since then, other approaches to financing universal