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Economics of Tobacco Taxation Toolkit

Developed by the World Bank Group Global Tobacco Control Program, this tobacco taxation toolkit is geared towards helping economists, public health specialists, researchers, and others to analyze the economic and public health issues surrounding tobacco taxation in order that they can provide direct information and recommendations to policymakers, especially in

59 downloads

Financing and Payment Models for Primary Health Care: Six Lessons from JLN Country Implementation Experience

In most countries, primary health care (PHC) providers are the first point of contact that most people have with the larger health care system. Primary health care is accessed the most by patients and can have the greatest impact on health outcomes compared with other parts of the system. However,

1385 downloads

The Development of Community-Based Health Insurance in Rwanda: Experiences and Lessons

The study is one of a set of three pieces of work supported by The Rockefeller Foundation to help strengthen the Community Based Health Insurance (CBHI) program in Rwanda.  Rwanda has been recognized as having the most successful community-based health insurance (CBHI) scheme in sub-Saharan Africa and, indeed, one

0 downloads

Health Systems Evidence

Comprehensive, searchable, free database for health systems evidence. 

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Disaggregating the Universal Coverage Cube: Putting Equity in the Picture

In recent years, the World Health Organization’s “Cube Diagram” has been widely used to illustrate the policy options in moving toward Universal Health Coverage. The Cube has become a globally recognized visual representation of health system reform choices, with its axes defined by: (1) the services

553 downloads

Ethiopia’s Community-based Health Insurance: A Step on the Road to Universal Health Coverage

In the last 10 years, Africa has witnessed a renewed interest in Community-based Health Insurance (CBHI) schemes as countries leverage communities to expand risk-pooling coverage to informal sectors and the rural population. CBHI schemes, also known as mutual health organizations, are not-for-profit mechanisms of health financing grounded in principles of solidarity

12814 downloads

Building on Community-based Health Insurance to Expand National Coverage: The Case of Ghana

From modest growth of mutual health organization (MHO) schemes to a rapidly scaled-up and centralized national program, Ghana holds a wealth of lessons in ways to raise revenue, pool health and financial risk, and organize purchasing from public and private providers. These lessons include the politics of navigating health finance

1556 downloads

State budget transfers to Health Insurance Funds for universal health coverage

Many countries from the European region, which moved from a government financed and provided health system to social health insurance, would have had the risk of moving away from universal health coverage if they had followed a “traditional” approach. The Eastern European high-income countries studied in this paper

415 downloads

Raising revenues for health in support of UHC: strategic issues for policy makers

Governments should aim to move towards a predominant reliance on public funding for health, as evidence shows this increases access to health services and improves financial protection for the population. This is a key message in a new policy brief about raising revenues for health in support of Universal Health

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Asia Pacific Observatory Bangladesh Health Systems Review

The health system of Bangladesh has undergone a number of reforms and has established an extensive health service infrastructure in both the public and private sectors during the past four decades. This report by the Asia Pacific Observatory finds that there is an urgent need for more investment of

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Universal Health Coverage in the Southeast Asia Region

This special issue of the WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health on universal health coverage (UHC) documents original research, as well as country experience, analysing these for broader application. Importantly, most studies have been developed in collaboration with ministries of health, in a direct effort to inform policy decision

923 downloads

Strengthening health systems to improve outcomes: WHO’s framework for action

This Framework for Action addresses the urgent need to improve the performance of health systems. It is issued at the midpoint in the countdown to 2015, the year given so much significance and promise by the Millennium Declaration and its Goals.

694 downloads

Health Financing Revisited: A Practitioner’s Guide

This report provides an overview of health financing tools, policies, and trends, with a focus on challenges facing developing countries.While all health financing systems should seek to improve health status, provide financial protection against catastrophic illness costs, and satisfy their participants, the evidence reviewed here reveals that there is

560 downloads

Achieving Universal Health Coverage: Developing the Health Financing System

To ensure universal coverage in countries that have not already done so, it will be necessary to increase the extent of prepayment and reduce the reliance on out-of-pocket payments and user fees. This can be done by developing more extensive and equitable tax-based systems, or social health insurance-based systems or

656 downloads

Getting Health Reform Right

This book presents a new multi-disciplinary framework for developing and analyzing health sector reform plans in a wide variety of national circumstances. By focusing on the health care system as a means to an end, the authors provide tools and techniques for designing reforms that will produce real improvements in

687 downloads